There are a number of terms that are commonly used in the sport of lawn bowls. Here is a list of some of the most common terms and their definitions:
The object of the game is to deliver your bowls so that they come to rest as close as possible to the jack. The bowls are delivered with a bowling action, and the aim is to make your bowl travel as close as possible to the jack.
The jack is the small white ball that is used to start the game. The jack is placed in the centre of the rink, and the players take it in turns to deliver their bowls.
A rink is the rectangular area of the lawn that is used for playing the game. The rink is divided into four quadrants, and the jack is placed in the centre of the rink.
The mat is the area of the lawn that is located outside the rink. The mat is used to mark the boundaries of the rink, and the players are not allowed to enter the mat area while they are playing the game.
A toucher is a bowl that comes to rest in the rink and touches the jack. If a bowl is declared to be a toucher, then the player is awarded one point.
A non-toucher is a bowl that does not touch the jack. If a bowl is declared to be a non-toucher, then the player is awarded zero points.
Hitting the Jack
If a bowl hits the jack, then the player is awarded two points.
Running the Jack
If a bowl runs the jack, then the player is awarded four points.
A dead bowl is a bowl that has been knocked out of the rink or has come to rest off the playing surface. If a bowl is declared to be a dead bowl, then the player is awarded zero points.